All references for Scapegoated Capitalism
Bibliography / Key to References
LATS = Frisby, Dominic: Life After The State, Unbound, 2013 (Kindle edition)
LGBEF = Delingpole, James: The Little Green Book of Eco-Fascism, Biteback Publishing, London, 2013.
NTC = Stossel, John: No They Can’t, Threshold Editions, New York, 2012.
RO = Ridley, Matt: The Rational Optimist, Fourth Estate, London, 2010.
Scapegoat: Campbell, Charlie, Scapegoat: A History of Blaming Other People, Duckworth Overlook, 2011.
TRGWD = Booker, Christopher, The Real Global Warming Disaster, Continuum, London, 2009.
WSWI = Bartholomew, James: The Welfare State We’re In, Biteback Publishing, London, 2004.
1. EXPLODING THE TRUTH
‘Scapegoat: Any material object, animal, bird or person…’: Quoted in Scapegoat, p. 37.
‘People are always quick to call evil what they do not know’: Kelseyleigh Reber, from ‘If I resist’.
film No Pressure: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sE3g0i2rz4w
‘an imaginative attempt to challenge public apathy over climate change’: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/oct/02/1010-richard-curtis-climate-change
Later redacted: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_Pressure_(film)
John Cleese pokes fun at Nazis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfl6Lu3xQW0
2. THE HISTORY OF SCAPEGOATING
Hell is other people: from the play ‘No Exit’ – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No_Exit
Day of Atonement: https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Leviticus+16
Holman Hunt’s painting: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Scapegoat_(painting)
In 1840 on the remote island of St Kilda: Scapegoat, p. 8.
a false positive in this domain was far less costly: See Boyer, Pascal, Religion Explained, Basic Books, 2001.
Robert Hubert: http://greatfireoflondon.net/robert-hubert.html / See also Scapegoat, p. 189-90.
In Athens: Scapegoat, p. 40.
In Albania, Scapegoat, p. 39.
In Tibet: Scapegoat, p. 40.
In Rome: Scapegoat, p. 42.
a specialist who was paid to take on the sins of the deceased: Scapegoat, p. 43-44.
‘it is said at court there is none now to impute our faults onto’: Scapegoat, p. 59.
Whipping boys: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whipping_boy
‘The whole aim of practical politics’: Quoted in Scapegoat, p. 145
the Stedinger in Germany and the Templars in France: Scapegoat, pp. 96-7
Undoubtedly, the longest-standing conspirators: On witches, see Scapegoat, pp. 85-122.
‘I made up my confession … choosing rather to die than to live’: Scapegoat, p. 111.
at least half the population of Africa still believes witches exist: http://www.livescience.com/8515-belief-witchcraft-widespread-africa.html
‘the only great powers that women were credited with at this time were supernatural ones’: Scapegoat, p. 92.
‘Religion and the Decline of Magic’, Thomas, Keith Penguin, 2003
Religious clerics sometimes conducted bizarre court trials of insects: See Scapegoat, p. 130-41.
‘The weevils blithely continued their existence’: Scapegoat, p. 138
3. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SCAPEGOATING (THEN)
‘Men, it has been well said, think in herds’: From Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds.
The phrase was first used by Garrett Hardin: http://www.geo.mtu.edu/~asmayer/rural_sustain/governance/Hardin%201968.pdf
Self-serving bias: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-serving_bias
Self-deception: See Trivers, Robert, Deceit and Self-Deception: Fooling Yourself the Better to Fool Others, Penguin, Allen Lane, London, 2011.
4. THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SCAPEGOATING (NOW)
‘So you think that money is the root of all evil?’: From Rand, Ayn, Atlas Shrugged.
As Steven Pinker recounts in his masterpiece: Pinker, Steven, The Better Angels of Our Nature, Pengiun, New York, 2011.
Lois Lowry’s haunting novel: Lowry, Lois, The Giver, Harper Collins, London, 2014.
‘Ding dong the witch is dead’: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-22145306
Public spending rose under Thatcher: http://www.economicshelp.org/blog/5326/economics/government-spending/
5. THAT’S A BIT RICH…
‘Whether your scepticism be as absolute and sincere as you pretend’: From Hume, David, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.
the Daily Mail cheekily employed an independent thermal imaging company: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2053463/Occupy-London-90-tents-St-Pauls-protest-camp-left-overnight.html
Everyone is a conservative…: http://www.isegoria.net/2008/07/robert-conquests-three-laws-of-politics/
Bowling Alone: Putnam, Robert, Bowling Alone :The Collapse and Revival of American Community, New York, Simon & Schuster, 2000
Big Society: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-10680062
6. THE STATE OF EDUCATION
around 1.5 million people are employed in the state education system: http://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/publicsectorpersonnel/bulletins/publicsectoremployment/march2016
only 454,900 of whom teachers: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/440577/Text_SFR21-2015.pdf
90 billion spent on state education: http://www.ukpublicspending.co.uk/government_expenditure.html
90 per cent of schools in the UK are ‘state schools’: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comprehensive_school
1500 employees of the government’s schools inspectorate: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/ofsted/about
some 400 of whom are on-site inspectors: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ofsted
an inspector who inspects the inspectors: TWSWI, p. 199
around 70 teacher training colleges: http://www2.le.ac.uk/offices/english-association/HE/a-z-index-of-uk-institutions-offering-pgce-courses
40 per cent drop out within a year of teaching: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2015/mar/31/four-in-10-new-teachers-quit-within-a-year
around 300,000 non-teaching teachers: http://schoolsweek.co.uk/schools-offered-1900-for-bringing-ex-teachers-back-into-the-job/
A National Union of Teachers survey: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/1632137.stm
just 18 teachers have been struck off in the last 40 years: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10464617
‘cover’ teachers have made up around 4-5 per cent of the teaching force: https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2002/dec/16/schools.ofsted
around 1 in 21 pupils are ‘persistently absent’: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/428578/SFR12_2015_Text.pdf
bullying is a major cause of truancy: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2006/nov/21/schools.pupilbehaviour
around 1 in 5 young adults in England are functionally innumerate, around 1 in 6 are functionally illiterate: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2010/may/07/poor-literacy-numeracy
£11,000 per head per pupil: 8.2 million in state education: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/number-of-schools-teachers-and-students-in-england (90 billion divided by £8.2 million = £10975)
the average amount spent per head on private school pupils in Britain: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-33535216
two years ahead: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/12174166/Private-school-pupils-two-years-ahead-of-state-educated-peers-by-the-age-of-16.html (see also TWSWI, p. 221).
more than 95 per cent of children were regularly attending school: TWSWI, p. 153.
Economist E. G. West has estimated: See West, E. G. ‘Literacy and the Industrial Revolution’, The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 31, No. 3 (Aug., 1978), pp. 369-383.
the literacy level was over 90 per cent for men and women: http://www.bl.uk/collections/early/victorian/pr_intro.html
‘I found it quiet and orderly’: http://harpers.org/archive/2015/09/at-the-ragged-school/
Edward Baines warned: Baines, E. Education Best Promoted by Perfect Freedom, Not By State Endowments – available here: http://www.europeana.eu/portal/record/15416/Data_Library3_Library3_Batch_5_Delivery_DCT104020_pdf.html
less likely to reach the highest levels of academic achievement: http://www.smf.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/Publication-Commission-on-Inequality-in-Education-Initial-Findings-Slide-Pack-120116.pdf
A study by the Centre for Social Justice: http://blogs.spectator.co.uk/2015/06/state-schools-not-private-schools-are-the-real-sponsor-of-inequality-in-britain/
Social mobility in Britain is the lowest in the Western world: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2137585/Britain-worst-social-mobility-Western-world.html
every f**king grammar school: http://labour-uncut.co.uk/2011/02/19/34-years-today-since-his-death-tony-croslands-challenge-to-ed-miliband/
There has been about one appeal for every ten state school admissions: TWSWI, p. 213
autonomy is good for schools the world over: http://blogs.worldbank.org/education/school-autonomy-and-accountability-go-together
7. THE WELFARE RACKET
Every town and village should know their own paupers: TWSWI, p. 30.
Each year in Britain, around £220–250 billion is spent on state-run welfare provision. Excluding pensions from that figure, around £110 billion is spent on benefits: http://www.ukpublicspending.co.uk/spending_chart_1986_2016UKb_15c1li111mcn_00t_40
More than twenty million families in Britain now receive some kind of state benefit. Nearly half of those families receive over half of their income in government subventions: http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/apr/06/welfare-britain-facts-myths
the average earner in Britain contributes around £2135: http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/297810/Just-where-does-all-your-tax-go
The Department of Work and Pensions, which administrates the welfare state, employs around 90,000 people: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/474767/workforce-management-aug-14.xlsx
433 local authorities: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_make-up_of_local_councils_in_the_United_Kingdom
‘One man’s poverty is another man’s employment opportunity’: http://www.city-journal.org/html/starving-criminal-12383.html
7 per cent of the world’s total welfare spend: https://www.theguardian.com/news/reality-check/2015/jun/17/reality-check-uk-global-welfare-spend-george-osborne
our annual welfare spend has climbed to more than three times its 1980 levels: http://www.economicshelp.org/blog/6817/economics/the-growing-size-of-the-welfare-state-in-the-uk/
plateaued under the current conservative administration: http://election2015.ifs.org.uk/public-spending
excluding pensions: http://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/bns/BN156.pdf
24 pages of advisory notes: http://revenuebenefits.org.uk/pdf/TC600_september_2003.pdf
when unemployment benefit is high it has a tendency to promote unemployment: TWSWI, p. 61-62 (historical unemployment figures: file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Ben/My%20Documents/Downloads/unemploymentbackto1881_tcm77-267536%20(1).pdf)
Mass unemployment has been made a permanent feature of life’: TWSWI, p. 81.
the welfare state fosters apathy and its dreadful downsides: TWSWI, pp. 70-72.
around 1 in 14 working-age people in Britain receive some form of disability benefit: http://ec.europa.eu/health/mental_health/eu_compass/reports_studies/disability_synthesis_2010_en.pdf (see page 60)
approximately 3 million disability benefits claimants in Britain: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-22804563
around 12,000 people in Britain receive government support because they are too fat to work: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2818222/Almost-12-000-deemed-fat-work-given-54m-benefits-Number-claimants-obesity-related-illnesses-doubles-five-years.html …. alternatively, 1000 are too fat to work: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2253509/Benefits-Britain-UK-leads-world-doling-disability-cash-spending-twice-U-S-times-Japan.html
disability benefits for mental health issues: http://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/our-epidemic-of-depression-wont-be-solved-by-drugs-qwmcsr52j (see also: 2 million disability benefit claimants: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/11622166/Nearly-half-disability-benefit-claimants-have-a-mental-illness.html )
the 75,000 drug addicts or alcoholics who receive disability benefits: https://www.google.co.uk/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=75000%20incapcity%20benefit%20drugs
Back Pain / Other / Precise Diagnosis Not Specified: https://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2012/jan/18/disability-living-allowance-data
the most common kinds of fraudulent claim: http://www.welfare.ie/en/Pages/Types-of-Welfare-Fraud.aspx
Benefit fraud 1.2 billion: http://www.cas.org.uk/features/myth-busting-real-figures-benefit-fraud
high levels of teenage pregnancy: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-28860/UK-tops-league-teenage-pregnancy.html
Almost a quarter of British children are now raised by lone parents: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2540974/Britain-fourth-highest-number-single-parents-EU.html
higher risk of child abuse: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinderella_effect
There are around 4.1 million social homes in Britain, and 3.3 million of their inhabitants receive housing benefit: https://www.theguardian.com/housing-network/2015/nov/18/who-lives-41-million-social-housing-homes-england-wales
police officers today are barely distinguishable from social workers: See Copperfield, David, Wasting Police Time, Monday Books, 2011.
front entrances for the use of a thousand people: TWSWI, p. 242.
‘They build horrible housing projects and then blow them up’: NTC, p. 290.
the first stirrings of state influence: TWSWI, pp. 25-30.
In 1834, Parliament commissioned a report: pp. 31-38.
a pastor called Thomas Chalmers: TWSWI, pp. 43-45.
‘There is a charm in locality’: TWSWI, p. 44
‘There is a far greater sufficiency’: TWSWI, p. 45.
The government of the day passed the recommendations… What followed: TWSWI, pp. 38-43.
The average family of the time donated 10 per cent of its earnings to good causes (compared to today’s figure of 1%): TWSWI, p. 40.
working class families donated too: TWSWI, p. 40.
‘It is hard for us to imagine now how large charity loomed in people’s lives in the late nineteenth century’: TWSWI, p. 40.
30,000 friendly societies: http://www.historyshelf.org/shelf/friend/06.php
‘a kind of residuum’: TWSWI, p. 47.
The great thing about Friendly Societies: pp. 46-48.
the British government of 1911… implemented a National Insurance scheme: TWSWI, pp. 48-51.
state benefits becoming tougher to access and, due to inflation, lower in value: TWSWI, p. 59.
Contemporary psychologists have corroborated what the Victorians knew: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6524611_The_dependency_paradox_in_close_relationships_Accepting_dependence_promotes_independence
the number of people per household declined: TWSWI, p. 234.
The Housing and Town Planning Act: http://fet.uwe.ac.uk/conweb/house_ages/council_housing/print.htm
rent controls drying up housing stock: https://www2.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/mrc/explorefurther/digital/crossman/urss/housing/
National Building Regulations were passed for the first time: http://www.buildinghistory.org/regulations.shtml
The ensuing lack of new homes: https://redbrickblog.wordpress.com/2016/03/11/harold-wilson-a-housing-hero/ (see graph: ‘New homes built by private and social sectors’).
the state has a regulatory strangehold on housing: http://www.adamsmith.org/blog/planning-transport/britain-needs-more-slums (see also: http://www.cityam.com/221787/slums-can-solve-uks-housing-crisis and http://scottishlibertarians.com/the-hope-of-affordable-housing/)
houses prices (and rents) have soared: http://voxeu.org/article/home-prices-1870 / http://www.ifs.org.uk/uploads/publications/bns/BN161.pdf (rents)
steadily increasing levels of net migration: http://www.migrationwatchuk.org/statistics-net-migration-statistics
7.5. LIFE IMITATES ART
8. THE COST OF FREE HEALTHCARE
Surgeons operating on the wrong body parts, or leaving swabs sewn up inside wounds: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/10046623/Hundreds-of-patients-have-operations-on-wrong-body-part.html
a dessert spoon: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/2781273.stm
serial killer staff members: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/228886/7014.pdf / http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3086189/Nurse-Victorina-Chua-guilty-murdering-poisoning-patients-Stepping-Hill-hospital.html
the hospital acquired infections: http://www.surgerydoor.co.uk/hospitals/nhs/hospital-infections-guide/infection-rates-in-private-hospitals/ See also: http://www.uktreatment.com/why-the-uk/uk-infection-rates/ And see also: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/personal-view/3608846/Private-hospitals-dont-get-MRSA.html (and also TWSWI p.134)
cancer survival rates: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/11891554/UK-cancer-survival-worst-in-western-Europe.html Also, see: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/health-news/nhs-uk-now-has-one-of-the-worst-healthcare-systems-in-the-developed-world-according-to-oecd-report-a6721401.html
care of the elderly: http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/540510/Britain-Elderly-Care-Not-Good-Enough
equipment availability: http://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/575061/Health-cuts-NHS-fewer-doctors-nurses-equipment-other-OECD-nations (less than half the average of other OECD nations) Also: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-32595071
infant mortality: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_infant_mortality_rate (at the time of writing, britain was 26th!)
number of beds per person: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/10768844/Hospital-bed-shortage-exposed.html
number of doctors per person: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2533698/Britain-just-2-71-doctors-1000-people-fewer-Latvia-Estonia-Lithuania.html (24 out of 27 European countries)
people fleeing to private healthcare, ‘paying twice’: http://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/node/2527
83 per cent of health spending: http://www.nuffieldtrust.org.uk/node/2527
health inequality in Britain has increased: LATS (Kindle, Loc 2115)
annually around £110 billion: http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/projects/nhs-in-a-nutshell/nhs-budget
average compared to the healthcare spending of other developed nations: http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/projects/nhs-in-a-nutshell/health-care-spending-compared
between 1997 and 2007, the difference in life expectancy between rich and poor accelerated: http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2008/mar/13/health.health (see also: http://www.lse.ac.uk/newsAndMedia/news/archives/2011/03/NHSreport.aspx)
between 1999 and 2009, the number of managers employed by the NHS rose: http://www.kingsfund.org.uk/projects/general-election-2010/key-election-questions/how-many-managers
the figure today is 2.35 per cent: http://www.nhsconfed.org/resources/key-statistics-on-the-nhs
the number of managers has begun rising again: http://www.nhsconfed.org/resources/key-statistics-on-the-nhs
around half of the almost 1.4 million people employed by the NHS are not clinically trained… while around 108,811 of the non-clinically trained employees are ‘clerical and administrative staff’ and 37,078 are ‘managers and senior managers’: http://www.hscic.gov.uk/catalogue/PUB16931/nhs-staf-2004-2014-over-rep.pdf (see also: not clinically trained: https://fullfact.org/news/two-managers-every-nurse-our-nhs/ )
(Or: Employes 1.5 million people: http://www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/thenhs/about/Pages/overview.aspx)
the third largest state employer in the world, after the US and Chinese Armies: http://www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/thenhs/about/Pages/overview.aspx
Stuart Emslie: TWSWI, p. 146 (and footnote #87)
a single national database of patients health records: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/8780566/Disastrous-11.4bn-NHS-IT-programme-to-be-abandoned.html
a letter from a consultant working in the NHS: TWSWI, p145.
A similar article by another NHS consultant: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/debate/article-2661970/Death-bureaucracy-As-learn-NHS-bankrupt-read-excoriating-attack-managers-senior-consultant.html
Dalrymple describes the experience of a consultant friend of his: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2001/jun/21/nhsstaff.health
‘In what way do you contribute to the quality of products?’: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2001/jun/21/nhsstaff.health
‘“Lead for NHS Productive Leader”, a phrase so horrible it tortures the mind’: From ‘Doctors on the Brink’, in Second Opinion, Monday Books, 2009.
‘telephone skills’ courses: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2015/05/why-the-nhs-needs-less-professional-management/
Twenty-two-page ‘Dress Codes’: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/nhs/10885103/No-wonder-dress-codes-have-doctors-up-in-bare-arms.html
data cleanse: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2008/02/global-warning-29/
‘the staff are about to be trained, yet again, on diversity issues’: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2008/02/global-warning-29/
a ‘mass exodus’ of NHS staff: https://www.unison.org.uk/news/press-release/2015/09/unison-warns-of-staff-exodus-as-two-thirds-plan-to-leave-the-nhs/ original report: https://www.unison.org.uk/content/uploads/2015/09/UNISON_report_NHS_Pay_staffing_and_morale.pdf
managers instructed ambulances to queue outside in the street: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/9637865/Dont-leave-patients-in-ambulances-to-hit-AandE-targets-hospitals-told.html
Another ploy was to redesignate hospital corridors as ‘wards’, and trolleys as ‘beds’: http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2002/apr/28/publicservices.health
offer patients a surgery appointment scheduled to take place within 24 hours of a consultation: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1423728/NHS-trusts-accused-of-fiddling-waiting-lists.html
1 in 12 hospital managers admitted to submitting inaccurate reports: TWSWI, pp. 146-7.
‘you’ll be an outsider’: TWSWI, p. 147.
60 per cent of doctors… ‘politically motivated goals’: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2003/jan/21/NHS.lifeandhealth
‘doctors are paid not so much by result as by degree of conformity to directives’: http://www.city-journal.org/html/universal-mediocrity-13500.html
Before the NHS, doctors and nurses trained on the job: TWSWI, p. 143.
the training of nurses is overly academic: http://www.nursingtimes.net/nurse-training-too-academic-says-cameron/5010291.fullarticle
‘contribute virtually nothing to healthcare’: TWSWI, p. 143.
‘I’ve got a degree’: TWSWI, p. 137.
dozens of registered heroin addicts: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-27235470
165,000… enrolled in a free ‘treatment programme’: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/mar/06/heroin-crack-cocaine-users-low
146,660 were given free prescriptions for methadone: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2456771/Fatal-addiction-Britains-6-200-state-sponsored-drug-addicts-hooked-heroin-substitute-TEN-years.html
Dalrymple, Theodore, Romancing Opiates, Encounter Books, 2006.
flippantly prescribing pills or other NHS services: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/8663906/GPs-knowingly-prescribing-drugs-to-addicted-patients.html
‘We ended up having a fight on the floor’: https://theodoredalrymplesecondopinion.wordpress.com/tag/doctoring-in-prison/
The development of vaccines, anaesthesia, antiseptics and antibiotics, and an understanding of how to prevent cholera: TWSWI, p. 101
At the beginning of the twentieth century… founded in nineteenth century: TWSWI, p. 93.
In keeping with the variety of hospitals at the time… kept healthcare within the reach of the poor: See TWSWI, pp. 90-100.
20 per cent of people were treated for free by GPs: TWSWI, p. 98
The highest-ranking individuals – consultants – gave much of their time for free: TWSWI, p. 96.
And yes, Britain had hospitals. At the beginning of the twentieth century there were around 600 of them. Over half of the 64 hospitals in London today were founded in the nineteenth century: TWSWI, p. 93.
‘the vast majority of the poor were treated’: TWSWI, p. 102.
‘a large teaching hospital was run by a governor, a matron, an accountant and several secretaries’: Quoted at: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2003/02/the-curse-of-management/
‘the most radical state take-over’: TWSWI, p. 90.
The blueprint for a ‘National Service for Health’: TWSWI, pp. 103-5.
Doctors repeatedly voted against Bevan’s proposal: https://www.theguardian.com/society/1948/may/06/futureofthenhs.health
‘The biggest appropriation’: TWSWI, p. 105
‘I stuffed their mouths with gold’: http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-and-families/features/the-birth-of-the-nhs-856091.html
GPs’ salaries simultaneously underwent a sudden inflation: LATS, Loc 2301 (‘The sudden inflation in GPs earnings’)
‘an anonymous NHS trust chairman’: LATS, Loc 2144.
‘the NHS is run to suit its suppliers; it should be run to suit its customers’: LATS, Loc 2154.
an international SOS health survey cited Cuba as a ‘high risk’ travel destination, a place where getting ill is dangerous: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/travelnews/article-2961902/Where-NOT-fall-ill-abroad-International-Health-Risk-Map-outlines-world-s-safest-dangerous-places-health-care.html
12 per cent of US citizens without health cover: http://money.cnn.com/2015/04/13/news/economy/obamacare-uninsured-gallup/
85 per cent of the tab: NTC, p. 123
health inequality is lower, in the US than in Canada: NTC, p. 113.
a documentary pillorying the US healthcare system: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicko
a clinic in Florida: http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2010/12/michael_moore_checks_in_to_fat.html
9. TOP-DOWN, DOWN, DOWN
$60 billion has been spent on ‘reconstruction’: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/much-of-60b-from-us-to-rebuild-iraq-wasted-special-auditors-final-report-to-congress-shows/
four hundred tons of shrink-wrapped US dollars: NTC, p. 238.
Sniffer dog: NTC, p. 238.
Private home in San Diego: NTC, p. 238.
License to play music in theatre production: https://www.gov.uk/licences-to-play-music-in-a-theatre
license to deal in scrap metal: https://www.gov.uk/scrap-metal-dealer-registration / https://www.gov.uk/metal-dealers-licence (scotland!)
license to be an art therapist: https://www.gov.uk/art-therapist-registration
license to run a minibus service: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/194259/PSV_Operator_Licensing_Guide.pdf
license to run a hairdressing salon: https://www.gov.uk/register-a-hairdressing-business
license to run a childminding business: https://www.gov.uk/register-childminder-childcare-provider/overview
license to run kennels: https://www.gov.uk/animal-boarding-establishment-licence
license to run a massage parlour: https://www.gov.uk/massage-and-special-treatment-premises-licensing
license to run a pet shop: https://www.gov.uk/pet-shop-licence
a graph showing that the number of workplace fatalities in the US was in decline long before 1971: NTC, p. 85.
According to an MIT study: https://www.creators.com/read/john-stossel/08/10/good-intentions-gone-bad-
‘We can never pardon those we have injured’: http://www.bartleby.com/350/4.html
Government workers earn more money than their counterparts in the private sector: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/personalfinance/pensions/11152840/Public-vs-private-sector-pay-gap-is-5000-or-a-fifth-of-earnings.html
According to the Work Foundation: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-156837/Sicknote-epidemic-days-rise.html
Shorter hours, longer holidays in public sector: http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/news/article-2200888/State-workers-enjoy-advantage-private-employees.html
Public sector more flexible working hours: http://blogs.ncvo.org.uk/2014/10/02/were-working-more-flexibly-than-beforeright/
Social capital, as Robert Putnam observes, tends to make communities richer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Making_Democracy_Work
conservatives tend to be happier than liberals: http://bigthink.com/neurobonkers/the-paradox-of-unhappy-liberals-and-happy-conservatives-in-happy-welfare-states
anti-capitalists are more likely than conservatives to indulge in drinking: http://www.americanthinker.com/blog/2014/02/confirmed_liberals_booze_it_up_more_than_conservatives.html
Putnam, Robert, Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis, Simon and Schuster, 2015.
Disclosure and Barring Service: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/disclosure-and-barring-service-criminal-record-checks-referrals-and-complaints
between 2002 and 2009, 43,000 under-16s had DBS checks, and 3,000 under-13s: Brooke, Heather, The Silent State, Windmill Books, London, 2011.
£23 billion for housing associations: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2015/07/housing-associations-have-failed-to-build-houses/
ballooned under Labour at the turn of the millennium: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/504374/PFI_PF2_projects_2015_summary_data.pdf See also: http://www.independent.co.uk/money/loans-credit/crippling-pfi-deals-leave-britain-222bn-in-debt-10170214.html
To fund its precipitous levels of spending, the Labour government oversaw a huge housing bubble: See ‘What goes on in Mr Brown’s Mind’, in Dalrymple, Theodore, Not With A Bang But a Whimper: The Politics and Culture of Decline, pp. 78-88.
‘crony capitalism’: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crony_capitalism
‘There is a smarter way to get corporate money out of politics: shrink the state’: http://townhall.com/columnists/johnstossel/2012/06/20/regulating_political_speech
47 per cent: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M2gvY2wqI7M
It’s like arguing with someone with Attention Deficit Disorder: http://rightwingnews.com/quotes/the-25-best-ann-coulter-quotes-about-liberals/
Public spending adjusted for inflation rising under Major and Thatcher: http://www.economicshelp.org/blog/5326/economics/government-spending/
Public spending under current conservative administration: http://election2015.ifs.org.uk/public-spending
The bureaucracy masters the politicians: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-21004113
Ronald Reagan expressed similar frustration: http://townhall.com/columnists/terryjeffrey/2011/02/11/reagans_farewell_regret_deficit_hed_put_nation_on_track_to_eliminate
‘Bureaucracy and paperwork’: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/2231659.stm
All the Scandinavian countries are more unequal than Britain: https://publications.credit-suisse.com/tasks/render/file/?fileID=60931FDE-A2D2-F568-B041B58C5EA591A4 (and Iceland: http://grapevine.is/news/2015/01/21/icelands-top-one-percent-owns-quarter-of-total-wealth/)
the twenty most expensive places to live in the world: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/maps-and-graphics/mapped-the-cheapest-and-most-expensive-countries-to-live-in/
a higher level of unemployment than Britain: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/country-list/unemployment-rate
household debt: https://data.oecd.org/hha/household-debt.htm
All have a higher suicide rate than Britain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_suicide_rate
All but Finland have a lower ranking education system than Britain: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/education/education-news/global-school-rankings-interactive-map-shows-standards-of-education-across-the-world-10247405.html
250,000 pensioners living below the EU poverty line: http://speisa.com/modules/articles/index.php/item.1036/the-swedish-decline-continues-250-000-pensioners-now-living-below-eu-s-poverty-line.html
and is riven by racial tensions: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12302157
the far right now has the support of almost one in six people: http://www.dreamdeferred.org.uk/2016/05/fascism-and-the-far-right-in-europe-country-by-country-guide-part-two/
Denmark’s poverty levels have doubled in the last twenty years: http://money.cnn.com/2015/10/23/news/economy/denmark-inequality/
Finland has been stuck in recession for four years: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/15/finland-boom-election-recession-oulu-miracle-timber-nokia
250,000 people unemployed: http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/tyti/2010/01/tyti_2010_01_2010-02-23_tie_001_en.html
one of the highest murder rates in Europe: http://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/finland-news/domestic/10189-finnish-homicide-rate-high-in-comparison-to-sweden-germany.html
All provide better healthcare than britain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_quality_of_healthcare / http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/health/news/11583856/Britain-ranked-28th-out-of-30-countries-in-health-rankings.html Overall scores: http://www.healthpowerhouse.com/files/EHCI_2014/EHCI_2014_report.pdf
And Scandinavian countries are notorious for their social capital (Sweden, Norway, Denmark): http://www.socialresearch.no/Publications/Articles/2009/2009-067 (and in Iceland: http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/countries/iceland/) See also: Social capital in northern Europe: http://www.hha.dk/nat/wper/02-15_gts.pdf
(Brits increasingly bowling alone): https://socialcapital.wordpress.com/2008/12/02/brits-are-increasingly-bowling-alone/
High levels of trust found in Scandinavia: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/sites/soc_glance-2011-en/08/01/g8_co1-01.html?itemId=/content/chapter/soc_glance-2011-26-en&_csp_=7d6a863ad60f09c08a8e2c78701e4faf And in Finland: http://www.finuni.fi/about-finland/
the failings of the 86 per cent: http://www.nationalreview.com/agenda/383304/sweden-has-education-crisis-it-wasnt-caused-school-choice-tino-sanandaji
Higher social capital/trust/decentralisation in Scandinavia than in Britain: http://www.hha.dk/nat/wper/02-15_gts.pdf
The failings of the 80 per cent: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/cp306.pdf / https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/10/sweden-schools-crisis-political-failure-education
‘liberalism is centred around hatred and divisiveness’: http://townhall.com/columnists/johnhawkins/2011/02/01/5_reasons_liberals_arent_as_happy_as_conservatives
‘Socialism is the anti-Semitism of intellectuals’: http://www.libertylawsite.org/2014/01/07/illusions-of-control-in-the-omnicompetent-state/
Mommsen: Menke, Martin “Mommsen, Hans”, pages 826–827 in The Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, edited by Kelly Boyd, Volume 2, London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishing, 1999
‘At the end of a Party conference in Moscow’: Glover Jonathan, Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century, Jonathan Cape, London, 1999, p. 242.
The Educatorz: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MB1UMfC8koc
12. THE WEATHER MACHINE
‘All over the world, strangers talk only about the weather’: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=02oKHUCvqVs
Agenda 21: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agenda_21
‘episodes, diseases and disasters that were blamed on witches in the Middle Ages’: http://www.numberwatch.co.uk/warmlist.htm
‘Soon children will have forgotten what snow looks like’: http://www.tothepointnews.com/2014/01/global-warming-comes-to-america/
‘During the inaugural Earth Day event in 1970’: LGBEF, p. 76.
‘The following decade saw the sharpest decrease in poverty, hunger, ill health and illiteracy in human history’: RO, p. 290.
Polar bear numbers are increasing, not decreasing: https://wattsupwiththat.com/2015/12/23/more-scientific-evidence-that-polar-bears-are-doing-just-fine-a-30-increase-in-population-with-some-of-them-as-fat-as-pigs/
Acid rain did not kill or even damage forests: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/acid-oceans-and-acid-rain/
Global vegetation cover is increasing: http://www.iflscience.com/environment/despite-decades-deforestation-earth-getting-greener/
forest cover has been increasing steadily since the 1990s: http://www.unece.org/press/pr2011/11tim_p02e.html
Fracking has taken place in Britain and the US for decades: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/the-five-myths-about-fracking/ / http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/energy/oilandgas/10266881/Prof-Robert-Mair-Here-are-the-facts-about-fracking.html
Sperm counts aren’t declining: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/apocalypse-not/
Oil spills in the ocean are down: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/munk-debate/
In Europe and America, air quality has improved, and rivers, lakes and seas are getting cleaner: RO, p. 17.
no one has died following the reactor leak at Fukushima: http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/michael-w-chapman/5-years-later-number-deaths-caused-fukushima-nuclear-radiation-leak-0
A city the size of the state of Texas: LGBEF, p. 240.
Cancer in the Chernobly region: RO, p. 308.
growing at a decreasing rate: http://blogs.worldbank.org/futuredevelopment/rapid-slowdown-population-growth
improving health and prosperity among the world’s poorest people: http://blogs.spectator.co.uk/2016/01/why-2016-will-have-less-poverty-hunger-and-disease-than-any-year-in-human-history/ See also The Rational Optimist.
Extreme weather events: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/policy-based-evidence-making/
The feedback effects of global warming will be negative: https://wattsupwiththat.com/2009/03/30/lindzen-on-negative-climate-feedback/
global sea levels have been rising since the end of the last ice age: LGBEF, p. 263.
Medieval Warm Period: LGBEF, p. 178. And: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/the-medieval-warm-period/
An online survey of just 77 people: LGBEF, p. 57-8.
Einstein’s ‘miracle year’ breakthroughs might not have been published: http://michaelnielsen.org/blog/three-myths-about-scientific-peer-review/
‘precisely what is happening today on Wikipedia’: http://jamesdelingpole.com/2009/12/climategate-the-corruption-of-wikipedia/
‘self-evidently dangerous climate change will not emerge from a normal scientific process of truth-seeking’: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2007/mar/14/scienceofclimatechange.climatechange
Trofim Lysenko: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lysenkoism
Computer modelling: LGBEF, p. 56.
A hockey stick-shaped graph more than 99 per cent of the time: https://climateaudit.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/mcintyre-grl-2005.pdf
‘highly unscientific practice of rejecting empiricism in favour of grand universal doom theories’: LGBEF, p. 82.
‘On the one hand as scientists we are ethically bound to the scientific method…’: LGBEF, p. 260.
‘We’re not ashamed of emotionalising issues’: http://jamesdelingpole.com/2009/08/redfaced-greenpeace-insists-we-didnt-make-it-up-we-just-emotionalised-the-issue/
Wind farms make scant difference to CO2 production, and may even increase it: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/wind-power/ See also: http://www.templar.co.uk/downloads/hughes-windpower.pdf
Enough to make a few cups of tea: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/energy/windpower/10264185/The-wind-farms-that-generate-enough-power-to-make-a-few-cups-of-tea.html
Thousands of wind turbines: http://ansnuclearcafe.org/2012/02/09/wind-nuclear-infographic/#sthash.pO1MMiWw.Zn7jKXIv.dpbs See also Booker, Christopher, TRGWD, p. 121.
pay energy companies to switch turbines off: LGBEF, p. 305.
More than 25 million bats and birds: LGBEF, p. 22.
Solar farms destroy habitats: http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/large-solar-plants-could-obliterate-unique-ecosystems-say-stanford-research
Solar farms exploit water sources: http://www.treehugger.com/solar-technology/water-sucking-solar-farms-breed-water-wars.html
the manufacturing of solar panels generates bio-hazardous chemicals: http://spectrum.ieee.org/green-tech/solar/solar-energy-isnt-always-as-green-as-you-think
one of the least eco-friendly forms of mining: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2014-01/documents/lithium_batteries_lca.pdf
Food miles: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2008/mar/23/food.ethicalliving / See also Delingpole, p. 100.
environmental costs to ‘organic farming’: RO, p. 149-152.
an underground reservoir the size of a small US state: LGBEF, p. 42.
the total value of the global carbon trading market reached $176 billion: LGBEF, p. 42.
a 95 per cent decline from present level: LGBEF, p. 289-90.
Phasing out the human race will solve every problem on Earth, social and environmental’: LGBEF, p. 298
Fishing… private property has beneficial effects on the environment: http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/05/how-property-rights-could-help-save-the-environment/257756/
Critics of recycling: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jun/27/recycling-unprofitable-oil-china-dollar / https://www.masterresource.org/desrochers-pierre/uneconomic-recycling-wasteful/ / http://www.pressreader.com/ / http://www.mrc.org/articles/waste-management-ceo-recycling-unprofitable-so-people-dont-invest / http://www.cato-unbound.org/2013/06/03/michael-c-munger/recycling-can-it-be-wrong-when-it-feels-so-right / http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/recycling-is-not-answer / http://bigthink.com/dangerous-ideas/14-recycling-is-a-waste / http://www.perc.org/sites/default/files/ps47.pdf
John Tierney has worked out…: http://www.nytimes.com/1996/06/30/magazine/recycling-is-garbage.html?pagewanted=all
‘clean burn’ incinerators: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/does-burning-garbage-to-produce-energy-make-sense/
Victorian and Sydney desalination plants: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/billions-in-desalination-costs-for-not-a-drop-of-water/news-story/1dc59f33b788c609e67c001786048fca Sydney desalination plant: http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/535m-paid-to-keep-desalination-plant-in-state-of-hibernation-20150410-1miuw6.html
fuel poverty kills an estimated 7800 people a year in Britain: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/fuel-poverty-deaths-three-times-higher-than-government-estimates-7462426.html
provoked the food riots that triggered the Arab Spring: LGBEF, p. 9.
3.7 jobs were killed: LGBEF, p. 122.
It’s good for coral and plankton: http://www.rationaloptimist.com/blog/the-benefits-of-carbon-dioxide/
plenty of beneficial effects, summarised by Matt Ridley as follows: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2013/10/carry-on-warming/
the various good effects of global warming will outweigh the bad: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2013/10/carry-on-warming/
Matt Ridley’s summary of various expert estimates: http://www.spectator.co.uk/2015/12/the-green-delusion/
‘Future generations will wonder in bemused amazement’: Quoted in TRGWD, p. 307.
Continuing the trajectory of the last century: http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21578665-nearly-1-billion-people-have-been-taken-out-extreme-poverty-20-years-world-should-aim
billions of people will soon enjoy the lifestyle to which we in the West have become accustomed: http://www.oecdobserver.org/news/fullstory.php/aid/3681/An_emerging_middle_class.html
Deomgraphic transition: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographic_transition
there is every reason to expect tomorrow’s global population to be richer, healthier and happier than today’s: See RO.
12 per cent of our land to legally protected National Parks: http://www.nationalparks.gov.uk/students/whatisanationalpark/factsandfigures
the same decline in pollution continued back as far as 1920: LGBEF, p. 48.
the work of the late economist Elinor Ostrom: Ostrom, Elinor, Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Cambridge UK, 1990.
the high levels of inter-group murder: see Pinker, Steven: The Better Angels of Our Nature, Penguin, London, 2011, pp. 47-58.
When you’re taking the flak: LGBEF, p. 289.
Mark Lynas threw a cream-pie at him: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOg8IqkS4PA
Annual US federal and state environmental spending amounts to $44.5 billion: LGBEF, p. 28.
while the EU spent $100 billion on climate change research between 1989 and 2010: LGBEF, p. 99.
the UN has funded more than 60,000 environmental projects to date: LGBEF, p. 202.
An estimated £18.3 billion a year: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/comment/columnists/christopherbooker/7550164/Climate-Change-Act-has-the-biggest-ever-bill.html
James Hansen, NASA’s resident global warming scientist: p. 128-9.
faux-academic conferences: LGBEF, p. 86-87.
‘share the earth’s resources fairly’: http://www.wwf.org.uk/about_wwf/
Chief executive earning over $450,000 dollars a year: https://nofrakkingconsensus.files.wordpress.com/2012/03/www-telofski-com-blog-2012-03-19-environmentalists-in-the-top-1-percent.pdf
The institutions have fallen like ninepins: LGBEF, p. 138.
a free magazine: http://www.cyclelifestyle.co.uk/history-cycle-lifestyle-magazine
London Cycle Map: www.cyclelifestyle.co.uk
the Superhighways scheme has cost over a £50 million: http://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/two-new-cycle-superhighways-will-cause-more-traffic-misery-says-tfl-8541921.html
73 per cent rise: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-35745404
a few legal battles: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-35539830 and http://www.camdennewjournal.com/CS11-legal
One farmer defied the ban: http://www.smh.com.au/national/fined-for-illegal-clearing-family-now-feel-vindicated-20090212-85bd.html
Osama Bin Laden’s environmentalist rantings: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/jan/29/osama-bin-laden-climate-change
Environmentalism has almost nothing to do with the environment: LGBEF, p. 225.
Favoured alternative medicine: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Theodor_Morell
for the protection of forests, the banning of experimentation on animals: http://www.aim.org/aim-report/hitlers-green-killing-machine/
advocated organic agriculture: http://www.martindurkin.com/blogs/nazi-greens-inconvenient-history
statistics cited by Colin Grabow: http://thefederalist.com/2014/01/13/if-you-think-communism-is-bad-for-people-check-out-what-it-did-to-the-environment/
No stranger to scorching the Earth: http://markevansauthor.com/index.php/germany-at-war/everyday-life-in-germany-during-the-war/
13. THE PHILOSOPHER’S TONE
Nothing has paralysed intelligence more: Zeldin, Theodore, An Intimate History of Humanity, Vintage, London, 1998, p. 217.
Pinker: See The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature, Viking, New York, 2002.
rising levels of mental illness on British campuses: http://www.independent.co.uk/student/student-life/health/mental-health-awareness-week-mental-ill-health-in-students-rising-and-continues-to-rise-report-finds-a7033831.html
sidelined by a desperate animosity towards reality: http://www.thegwpf.org/matt-ridley-the-climate-wars-and-the-damage-to-science/